COVID-Shot Policy Extremes (USA v. Denmark)
In contrast to the USA, by the summer of 2022, there were no recommendations for COVID shots for the non-elderly in Denmark — and even for the elderly, there is no general recommendation (but only specific-group recommendations):
But you can compare the non-elderly excess death between USA and Denmark in order to get a feel for how having COVID shot recommendations affects your risk of death. The weekly working-age percent excess death is the top-middle graph:
A 65-week mean and median weekly percent excess death were computed from June 2022 to Aug 2023, and the difference of the means was an absolute 18% difference (USA: 9.33; Denmark -8.68). The difference of the medians was an absolute 17%. Because the standard error of the difference of the means was just 1.17, Z = 15.3.
That (a Z score of 15) is highly significant.
Data from USA and Denmark at least indirectly suggest that having an official recommendation for COVID shots in place is associated with about 15% more excess death than you would have seen if you had not had that official recommendation in place.
In other words, the indication is that COVID shot recommendations are dangerous (may lead to high excess death).